Chapter 2

Chapter 2 - Child Growth and Development

Sleeping Position and SIDS

Questions and Answers for Professionals
on Infant Sleeping Position and SIDS

From http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/pediatrics;116/5/1245 and http://www.nichd.nih.gov/sids/sids.cfm (Back to Sleep Public Education Campaign)

Dental Health

Ways to Promote Dental Health

  • Woman holding a baby and bottle feedingAsk if all children have a dentist, particularly after the age of 1.
  • Always hold an infant while feeding; never prop the bottle.
  • Never allow an infant to fall asleep with a bottle that contains milk, formula, juice or any sweetened liquid.
  • Avoid dipping a pacifier in any sweetened liquid.
  • Encourage twice daily teeth brushing.

Sexual Development

Sexual Development of Children (Birth - 4 years )

Physical

Babies are born with the ability to feel pleasure in their genitals and other erogenous zones. Boys’ penises have erections, and girls’ vaginas lubricate from birth. Babies will touch and play with their genitals, just as they do with everything else in the world.

Development (5 - 6 Years)

Ways to Encourage Development (5 - 6 years)

Muscle Skills

Development (4 - 5 Years)

Ways to Encourage Development (4 - 5 years)

Muscle Skills

Development (3 - 4 Years)

Ways to Encourage Development (3 - 4 years)

Muscle Skills

  • Continue to allow toilet training to proceed at own pace.
  • Allow for plenty of free play time out of doors.
  • Provide with safe climbing structure and tricycles (helmets recommended).
  • Allow for messy art play.

2 year old reading booksLanguage Skills

Development (2 - 3 Years)

Ways to Encourage Development (2 - 3 years)

Muscle Skills

Development (1 - 2 Years)

Ways to Encourage Development (1 - 2 years)

Muscle Skills

Development (9 - 12 Months)

Ways to Encourage Development
(9 - 12 months)

Muscle Skills

Development (6 - 9 Months)

Ways to Encourage Development (6 - 9 months)

Muscle Skills

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